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TIMELINE: History of land dispute between Cliven Bundy and the BLM

Part 1: Early land sales, The Mexican-American War, and conflicts within Utah

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Updated: 4/23/2014 10:09 am

April 24, 1820Congress passes the Land Act of 1820, lowering cost of public land purchases and requiring full payment at the time of purchase.
Prior to 1848Congress establishes additional laws governing transfer of land from public to private ownership.
July 24, 1847
Brigham Young leads first company of Mormon pioneers into the Salt Lake Valley, beginning the settlement of communities throughout the Great Basin. At the time, the territory was part of Mexico. 
February 1848United States signs the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, ending the war with Mexico. The federal government takes possession of all land in the West that was claimed by Mexico, including the present states of Nevada and Utah.
1847-1869 Land ownership in the Mormon “State of Deseret,” later named the Utah Territory, is governed by the Utah Territorial Assembly. The federal government unsuccessfully attempts to impose national land laws on the territory. 
1855Congress directs president to appoint a surveyor general for the Utah Territory. The surveyor is directed to survey lands in the territory in preparation for sale. 
July 1855The surveyor general arrives in Salt Lake City and begins his survey, starting at one corner of Temple Square. Conflicts with the territorial government cause the surveyor to abandon his post in 1857. His successors recommend the federal government should not attempt any more surveys in the Utah Territory. 
1862Congress passes Homestead Act, providing opportunity for citizens to claim public land as their own if the land is cultivated and improved.
July 14, 1862Congress begins adding land to the Nevada Territory, cutting away the western edge of the Utah Territory.



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